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1 2 3
MKIOCOPY RBOUITION TIST CHART
(ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2)
/APPL I ED irVHGE In,
1653 East Moin Sl-eet
Rochnlir. New York Ite09 uS*
(716) 482 - 0300 -Phon.
Six Reasons why \\ anufadurers
Locate in I hree K'ivers:
1 —Paper, Pnlp and Iron Indiutrici are in doM prozimitjr
to the raw mateiial. In prai<ilcally nnUmited qnantitle*.
(See Government Reeonicc Mep of Pror. of Quebec )
Abannce of congestion, in shipping (as in larger cen-
tera) permits of quidc and easy handling of prodndb
for transportation by tail or water.
2 — Kannfadlnres of cotton find abundant labor, no strikes,
cheapest power in Canada, are supplied with spring
water, natnrally sand filtered, which Is responsible for
the remarkable whiteness of their cotton, equal to the
imported prodoA, not duplicated elsewhere in Canada.
3 —For the Boot and Shoe Industry : abundant and skilled
labor, low wage, account of cheap living conditions ;
Favorable manufaAuring sites, fadlitlng transporta-
tion, cheap power.
4 — Industries of various natnies, have been attraifled by
the strategic position Three Rivers occupies, being half
way between the two largest cities in the Province,
Montreal and Quebec City (about 75 miles from each:)
because it offers shipping facilities, by rail and water,
being sitiuted on the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Ry., and having one of the finest Harbours in America
on the 8t-Lawrence river.
& —All ttsponalble companies locating in Three Rivers.are
offered attraAlve inducements, viz : Free sites. Tax
exemption and other special features, according to the
magnitude of the proposed plant.
6 —Seven, solid, representative Banking Institutions, who
have yet to find cause to loose faith in Three Rivers'
Uannfadlnring Buterprl«s, are ready and glad to
extend a hand of welcome to a new arrival.
COLD FACTS for
COOL THINKERS ,
The Country -CANADA
The Province QUEBEC
The City -THREE RIVERS
^ " This liltlc booklet contains valuable inlormation. about
the fiKtesI growing country in (he world, and should be of in-
terest (o everyone. Should you not be interested, give it to
your neighbor: he wants it. Don t oonsign it to ihe waste basket
ANADA the ' OUNTRY
f\ PTIMISM and enthusiasm seize every stu-
\y dent of Canada. No country cf t'e two
hemispheres has so bright an outlook.
Canada's vast West, able to sustain a population
of 50,000,000 with no more than 50 persons to tne
square mile, together with the iuestimable wealth
of the produce of her fields and forests, seas and
mines, gives her assurance of prosperity for a
century to come.
'I'he i.-'flow of newcomers at the rate of 2,000,
000 every five years — and of capital, the expansion
of manufactures and industry, and the completion
of magnificent railway and canal systems are a
hint and a promise of what the Canada of tomor-
row will be.
When one looks at the facts and figures of
Canadian progicss, one is bewildered by their
magnitude. The following few facts carry their
own message :
Canada's Area. —
Canada is 3,500 x 1,400 miles in extent.
Canada is as large as ?0 Great Bri'dius and
Canada is one-third 'he area (f the British
Canada has 111,992 square miles more than
United State of America, including Ala.ska.
Canada is growing more rapidly than any
other country in the world, reckoned on a
percentage increase. It will retain this dis-
tinction for many decades to comes.
Immigration, for several years past, has been
at the rate of, roughly, 400,000 a year-37j;'
from the British Isles, 28% from the United
States, 35% from Ivurope and Asia.
Government figures for 1913 arc as follows ;
Field Crops $ 552,771,500
Forest Products 161,802 049
Mineral Products 136,'o48,'296
Fisheries Products 33 334 4^9
Dairy Products (est.).... 121,000,000
Fruit Product (est.) 25,000,000
The Government's report for 1913 shows that
Canada has 19.182 manufacturing establish-
ments, one-third of which are in the province
Caiwda .1? .; Merchant.—
Canada's trade has more than doubled in the
last ten years. With Great Britain C.-inada's
account in 1913 was :
With tlie United States Canada'- trade ac
count iu 1913 was :
The r. .S. A. export trade with Canada is
(froviing more rapidly than with uy other
leading country, the increase diirinK the last
ten years b'^ing 235%.
Canada bought every 'vork day of 1912-13
from the United States re than $1,500,000
worth of goods and sold her $500,000 worth.
Canada's Railway mileage, June 30, P13 was
29,304. Canada has three transco nental
systems— The Canadian Pacific, Tl Grand
Trunk Pacific and the Canadian Northern.
Cin.id.i's W.i'cr r .■Axr.—
Canada possesses a larger amount of potential
water power than any other country — twice
that of the United States.
Canada's estimated 16,600,000 horse power is
equal in annual production to 367,000,000
tons of coal.
Canada has developed 1,016,521 horse power
The St-M:iurice river near Three Kivers, P.
Q. can alone supply more than 1,000,000
.'UEBEC the i'ROVINCE
QUEBEC is one of Canada's most populous
provinces, the 1911 census gave it a popu-
lation of 2,002,712 ; nearly 29% of the Do-
minion's total. This population is mostly congre-
gated in the district surrounding the cities of
Montreal, Three Rivers and Quebec, which are
situated along the St-Lawrence River. For this
reason Quebec Province is today one of Canada's
wealthiest and nio.st profit.ible markets.
The people of the Province of Quebec are
wealthy, because over 50 per cent are rural dwellers
who depend upon agricultural occupationsfor their
living. 1 hey j ractice mixed and dairy farming
to a greater extent than the poeple of any other
section of Canada, and this means that not ha-ing
to depeiid on any one crop, money with them is
always plentiful. Their income from field crops
aad dairy products alone is about $125,000,000
Next to farming, manufacturing is the pro-
vince of Quebec's greatest source of wealth and its
mills and factories turn out every thing from flour
to uiouster locomotives.
Every class of manufactured article is in de-
mand in Quebec Province, and this Province pro-
vides three of the finest harbours in America at
the Seaport Cities of Montreal, Three Rivers and
It IS a recognized fact that a country prospers
in proportion to the wealth of its farming com-
munities. The tiller of the soil always has
been, and always will be, the backbone of the
Money may be the root of all evil, but it is
what most of us are after nevertheless, and it
IS certainly the thing that counts most when
discussing trade possibilities. The question
which should be answered before discussing
ways and means are : ^
VVhat is the wealth of the people as a class ?
What about the wage earner ; is he well paid ?
The most satisfactory way to answer these two
questions, is to give facts published by the
Government, which speak for themselves and
which leave no room for argument as to the
wealth of Quebec's rural population.
According to the Census figures, we find the
following increases in values were made in
ten years from 1900 to 1910: Value of laud
buildings, stock, etc., over 100%; field crops
«.76 p. c; vegetables, fruits, etc. 177.14 p c •
ive stock sold 206.84 p.c.; dairy products'
liii p.c; animals slaughtered 7.76 p.c; other
products 73^4 p. c. These figures range from
M) p. c to 100 per cent ahead of the increases
made by Ontario for a like period.
The Quebec farmer has become a big factor
and IS one of Canada's best producers, as the
following table will reveal. Please read care-
fully, and note the splendid increases made in
ten years in almost every branch of farming.
(Compiled from Bullrtin.No. 6 .nd 7, Fifth Census of Canada)
Value of lands, buildings, stock, $800000,000
An increase of over 100% in 10
years while Ontario only increa-
Value of field crops, vegetables,
fruits etc., sold in 1910 71,587,055
An increase in field crops of 43.
76 J?5 and in vegetables and fruits
of 177 14j6 in ten years.
Value of live stock sold in 1910. 20,406,385
An increase of 206.84?S in 10 yrs
nearly twice as much as Ontario
Value of dairy produdls, milk,
cream, butter, cheese sold in
'"'0 47,234 251
An increase of 133S!« in lOyears
as against Ontario's 75.73^5.
Value of animals slaughtered on
the farm in 1910 g 623 178
An increase of 7.7658 in 10 years,
while Ontario shows a decrease
Other produas,wool, eggs.honey
and wax, maple sugar and syrup 6 713 267
An increase of 73.24)5 p,'iJ,.to/
Accepting the first item under the heading of
value of Lands, Buildings, Stocks, etc., to re-
present the Quebec farmeis' capital %, we can
condense his Assets into two items, viz :
Stock in Trade or Capital %... $800,000,000
Liquid or Tangible Assets 154,569,000
We therefore have $154,569,000 represented
in cash with which to pay for labor, seeds, feed for
animals, depreciation of farm implements, etc.,and
interest on investment. The rural population of
Quebec is given as 1,032,618, bat as t'.e population
represents everj' man, woman and child we will
devide the liquid As-sits amongst the 159,554 far-
mers, or occupier of farms ; and we shall find each
farmer averaged nearly $970. to transfer to Profit
& Loss %. In estimating his profits don't forget
that this sum is plus rent and living for himself,
wife and family, and probably the up-keep of his
stock. We can safely conclude that two-thirds of
the farms were worked by the farmer and his family
without hired help, and that the greater part of the
hired help was employed by non-resident owners, or
those owning very large farms. His Profit & Loss %
would therefore show a comfortable balance on the
profit side of the Ledger, giving the Quebec farmer
a very nice margin to spend on clothing, house-
hold necessities and luxuries. If you include the
value of lands owned, buildings, farm implements
and live stock on hand,the farmer of Quebec has ;in
average working capital of $6,000 as against the
showing the location of Vhe
CITY OF THREE RIVERS
Province of Quebec
Ontario farmer's average of $5,450. The first ques-
tion "What is the wealth of the people as a class?"
is answered therefore in favor of the Quebec farmer
as compared with the farmer of Ontario.
The second question "What about the wage-
earner; is he well paid ? " is best answered by the
following census figures.
The farm laborer of Ontario averaged in 1900,
$5.15 per week.
The farm laborer of Ontario averaged in 1910,
$7.16 per week.
Or an increase in ten years of 39%.
The farm laborer of Quebec averaged in 1900,
$5.04 per week.
The farm laborer of Quebec averaged in 1910,
$7.40 per week.
Or an increase iu ten years of 47%.
HREE IVERSthe ITY
HE City of Three Rivers up to a decade ago
was iractically unknown, whereas looking
at it today, we find that its popnlation has
almost doubled in the above period, and that large
and important industries have made it their home.
Today it affords the logical market for the largest
power plant in America excepting Niagara.
Three Rivers wis practically wiped out in
1908, by a fire which entailed a property loss of
over $4,000,(>00, it was immediately rebuilt, and
today, permanent and modem structures have ta-
ken the place of the primitive ones, destroyed in
Three Rivers is geographically and commer-
cially the natural centre of an immense district
situated in the heart of the province of Quebec.
This district stretches from the banks of the St-
Lawrence northward to Hudson Bay. Three Rivers
proper is situated on the North Shore of the St-
Lawrence, midway betweeu Montreal and Quebec
Cities, the distance being about 75 miles from each.
Three Rivers harbour affords all the facilities
required for modem ocean traffic. Its wharves are
over two miles in length, and the water hat a depth
of over 50 feet with a tide water rise of twelve to
fourteen inches. Theie is no vessel afloat that
cannot reach its wharves without danger or diffi-
The Canadian Pacific Railway, the St-Maurice
Valley Railway and the Grand Trunk place the
City in direct communication with all the business
centres u Canada and the United States.
Till, district, of which Three Rivers is the
commercial capital may be divided into two sec-
tions. The agricultural and the forest section.
1 he Apricultunal Scition. —
The settled part of the district of Three Ri-
vers, which lies on both sides of the St-Law-
rence, has a farming population of over 500,000
and contains within its borders some of the
most fertile lands in the Province of Quebec.
It exports lunually dairy products to the
value of (1,500,000 and produces over 500,000
cons of hay a year, not to mention other farm
products. Ill the southern portion of the dis-
trict are found large and valuable deposits of
asbestos ; Iron ore abounds throughout prac-
tically the entire district. The .?.gricultural
products are the finest in the Province and
are .steadily increasing both in quantity and
quality each year.
>re<! Di-?ri<l. —
The forest diitrict which covers an area o(
more than 30,000 square miles is known as
the St-Manrice territory, and takes its name
from the St-Maurice river, which runs through
its entire length and empties into the St-Law-
rence at Three Rivera. This portion of Three
Rivers district should be of the greatest inte-
rest to investors and manufacturers, owing to
the rich field it offers for exploitation and in-
vestment. This whole territory is covered
with forests of pine, spruce, cedar and hard-
woods, in sttfiBcent quantities to afford practi-
cally an inexhaustible supply for export. Iron
is also found in abundance, as well as mica,
limestone and other minerals, which are only
awaiting development and capital to become
the foundation of important industries.
These raw materials are to be found in im
mense quantities in this district and its many
rivers and lakes provide the means of cheap
transportation to the natural shipping point
of Thite Rivers.
n 1 2 _
There is one feature which stands for prosper-
ity for Three Rivers ai'd entitles it to the
distinction >f Peer among other Canadian
Cities. It . ;he fact that nature has provided
throughout ah this wonderful district, side by
side with the raw material for manufacturing,
water powers, which rank among the most va-
luable in North America, in point of number,
size, and the ease with which they can be uti-
lized. The St-Maurice river itself, which is
about 300 miles long, and has twenty odd im-
portant tributaries, furnishes within thirty
miles of its mouth at Three Kivers, six large
fal s and two rapids, which togetlier can deve-
lop about 1,000,000 electrical horse-power.
All the tributaries of the St-Maurice river and
the neighbouring rivers, aiTord a great num-
ber of valuable water powers, which are in no
danger of being Ies.sened, or of failing,through
tlie destruction of the forests, or similar causes,
as the .sources of the rivers which feed them
lie in the cold and distant regions of thcNorfli
where th( . - - '
Thus we have, side by side, abundant raw ma-
tenals of all kinds and unlimited power, which
Providence seems to have provided expressly
for human industry. Only the intelligent ac-
tion of capital is needed to create prosperity
and wealth. •- r .7
Three River.s Progress.—
The City of Three Rivers being the commei-
cial centre of this vast region of wealth,as well
as the only outlet for these enormous quan-
titles of lumber, pulpwood and products from
farm and mine, is gradually realizing the im-
portance of this great advantage in this mo-
dern age of progress and industrial activity
on account of its strategic position, as a seaport
City, and its being in direct communication
with any part of the world. Its claims to sup-
remacy have been attested to by the fact, that
since the fire of 1908 over eight million dollars
of outside capital have been invested in indus-
tries in Three Rivers.
One of these industries, the Wabasso Cotton
Compny which began operations in 1909,with
12,500 spindles, is now operating 75,000 spin-
dles and employs more than 1000 hands. The
Wayagamack Pulp & Paper Company, ano-
ther new industry, is running day and' night
"1 three shifts of eight hours, to keep up with
the demand for its product. Tliis company
ships annually 30,000 tons of Fulp and 'Kraft'
Three reivers Fa<^s. —
Anyone who will carefully consider the won-
derful resources of this immcuse district of
Three Rivers, the wealtt of its people, and its
most favorable position as an industrial centre
in the very heart of the richest province in
Canada, and who will admit that : No City is
stronger or bigger, or richer than the terntory
from which it derives its support — can easily
explain why A\ eyes are today on Three Ri-
Ters, and why its iiiture vs a centre oi indus-
try is assured.
Three Rivers is the second oldest City in Canadn,
founded in 1634.
The population of Three Rivers is 19,000, an in-
crease of 65% in the last ten years.
More than fifty per cent of Three Rivers citifens
own their own homes.
The district, of which Three Rivers is the commer-
cial centre, has a farming population of over
Three Rivers has seven chartered Banks.
Three Rivers has fifteen hotels, twelve churches
and nine schools.
Three Rivers is the "Half-way City between Mon-
treal and Quebec," aboi.t two and half hours
ride from each.
There are 1,500,000 people within a radius of 75
miles from Three Rivers.
Three Rivers has 34 miles of railroad track.
Three Rivers is the thriftiest City in Canada for
Its savings on deposit amount to over $3,500,000,
which represent moe than $175. per capita of
Three Riv( » occupies an area of four square miles.
The City valuation of Three Rivers is $17,790,765.
Three Rivers tax rate is 9 mills.
Living in Three Rivers is cheaper by 15% than
any other City in Canada.
Three Rivers harbour is 50 feet in depth, has two
miles of wharves mostly of concrete.
Three Rivers is on the main line of the C. P. R.,
the Grand Trunk Railway is on the South
Shore and it has direift communication with
the Canadian Northern throup*^ the St-Mau-
rice Valley Railway.
Three Rivers eledrical power is the cheapest in
Canada. It is supplied by the second largest
power plant in America.
Three Rivers has an abundant supply of skilled
and cheap labor.
p/ 1 1 2
Three Rivers is one of the biggest pulp centres iu
America, it exports over $2,000,000 worth per
Strikes or labor troubles are unkown inThreeRivers
Three Rivers has five Newspapers.
Three Rivers is one of the healthiest Cities in
America. Its contagious disease Hospital las
not had a patient for three years.
The City of Three Rivers has set aside an annual
appropriation toadvertise the City's advantages.
Three Rivers offers manufacturers locating there
many inducements, such as free sites, tax
Three Rivers has a municipal water plant, supply-
ing natural sand filtered well water, which is
acknowledged to be the purest in Canada The-
se wells can be driven in any part of the City.
Three Rivers has an eflScient Board of Trade and
City Council, who are fully awake to its pos-
sibilities. They are determined to go ahead
bemg fully aware of the great opportunities
their city offers. Industries locating in Three
Rivers cannot but benefit by this popular mo-
vement which has aroused civic pride among
the citizen.s it means success to all who share
^NATURAL UactMdS » Vff. I
WAcnmns-ff AKE |t I
ARE YOU BUILDING ^
A FACTORY ? ■
THREE RIVERS ^
w» who « loolm. fo, the gait* J^SSriJl
P™7.«liWi»«f«aioby nil uA wS,^
DO VOU WANT AlORE JNFORMATION ?
W. JOS. SHEA.
Cnnmissionei of Publicity and Industry,
TMREE RIVCRS, P. Q.,
THC PRtNTINQ • Rr*I.TY CO,